Integrated Waste Strategy for Culham Science Centre

October 2023

Issue 3

Executive Summary

This document outlines the strategy for waste management at Culham. This includes the operational waste and provides a basis for decommissioning. The waste strategy refers to all waste streams, both radioactive and non-radioactive, solids, liquids and gases. The Integrated Waste Strategy (IWS) can be summarised as:

■ All operations on site are expected to follow the waste hierarchy as part of planning.

■ All projects on site are managed to address waste issues at the onset or as soon as is practicable, to ensure the waste hierarchy can be incorporated easily.

■ All non-radioactive waste is managed through sustainable routes and the wastes recycled 88%, with 12% sent to landfill.

■ The Environment Agency has issued UKAEA with a permit under the Environmental Permitting Regulations (EPRs) 2016, for the accumulation, transfer and discharge of any radioactive waste.

■ UKAEA applies Best Available Technique (BAT) principles to manage all waste in compliance with this permit.

■ The present strategy is for UKAEA to minimise all radioactive waste present on site at the end of the JET operations.

■ Work has been undertaken on JET end state and the final solution will be in agreement with relevant stakeholders.

The Integrated Waste Strategy has been developed over a number of years.  It has integrated all new requirements of legislation, national policies and the regulatory requirements as well as the Company H&S, Environmental policies and Company Strategies.


1.1 Background
1.2 Purpose
1.3 Scope

Read more…

2.1 Regulatory
2.2 Stakeholder input and consultation
2.3 Accessibility

Read more…

3.1 UKAEA Objective
3.2 Strategy Aims
3.3 Waste management principles
3.4 Strategy Assumptions

Read more…

4.1 Waste Hierarchy
4.2 Option assessments
4.3 Interactions with other policies, strategies and plans
4.4 Lifecycle strategy phases
4.5 Decommissioning and final site End state

Read more…

5.1 What we do now
5.2 What is needed in the future
5.3 Existing routes and plans

Read more…


■ IWS – Integrated Waste Strategy
■ BAT –
Best Available Technique
■ NDA –
Nuclear Decommissioning Authority
■ JET – Joint European Torus
■ MAST – Mega Amp Spherical Tokomak
■ RACE – Remote Applications in Challenging Environments
■ MRF – Materials Research Facility
■ ALARP – As Low As Reasonably Practicable
■ OSR – Out of Scope of Regulations – replaces the exempt material in schedule 1 of the EPR’s
■ EPR’s – Environmental Permitting Regulations
■ WAC – Waste Acceptance Criteria
■ GDF – Geological Disposal Facility (proposed National RadWaste Repository)
■ WDS – Water Detritiation Facility
■ MDF – Materials Detritiation Facility
■ SLC’s – Site Licensed Companies (under Nuclear Installations Act 1965)