4.1 Waste Hierarchy

The waste hierarchy (figure below) is applied to all processes on site. Avoidance and reuse are prioritised to prevent the unnecessary production of waste and where items can be recycled this is encouraged.

Optimisation techniques include:

• Segregation
• Size reduction (mechanical cutting)
• Disassembly
• characterization
• Low force compaction
• Surface removal
• Off-site incineration
• Thermal treatment (solids)
• Water treatment

Waste Hierarchy Diagram

4.2 Option Assessment

■ For any operation which produces waste, UKAEA applies the best available technique (BAT) for its management; disposal and the application of the waste hierarchy.  This is in accordance with the EU regulations on waste and  enables stakeholder engagement with site operations.

■ The options which have been adopted for waste management have been validated through the BAT process.  A record of these assessments is documented internally.

■ Waste is subject to national and EU guidelines that include an assessment to ensure  the risk to the environment is ALARP.  The BAT assessments are reviewed on a regular basis.  This review ensures that the methods used for waste management are to the current standards; consider any new legislation, and include any new technologies where practicable.

4.3 Interactions with other policies, strategies and plans

4.4 Lifecycle strategy phases

■ The present life cycle strategy is driven by the requirements of the customer for fusion research.

■ The UKAEA is currently planning JET operations until the end of 2020. This programme provides underpinning R&D for future fusion devices.

■ Changes to the machine are reviewed annually and there are regular meetings with key stakeholders to ensure that decommissioning information remains current.
LIFETIME PLAN – Internal link only

4.5 Decommissioning planning and end state

■ The UKAEA produced a comprehensive decommissioning plan for the NDA in 2007 which is being reviewed pending amendments to the JET operational plan.

■ A study has been undertaken to establish the preferred JET end state to reflect stakeholder views. This recognises the valuable scientific and technical abilities at Culham and the contribution the site makes to the local economy.

■ Liabilities will be removed and further development progressed.

Summary of Waste Inventory

Controlled and hazardous waste are managed and consigned as they are generated (Masses relate to 780te in total). OSR waste is recategorised  waste disposed of as controlled/hazardous waste.

Radioactive waste is processed by campaign on specific waste types and routes to ensure that waste meets the contract requirements of the disposal site.(Masses relate to 60te in total) An EPR permit specifies the accumulation, transfer and discharge limits applicable to radioactive waste. Radioactive waste contributes less than 8% of disposals from site.

Next section

5.1 What we do now
5.2 What is needed in the future
5.3 Existing routes and plans

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